What is CBD?
CBD (short for Cannabidiol) is a naturally occurring, non-psychoactive compound found in the cannabis plant that has been found by many clinical research studies to provide relief for over 50 health conditions.
Cannabis, also famously known as marijuana or weed, is a psychoactive drug from the Cannabis plant used for medical or recreational purposes. Made up of hundreds of different compounds including at least 113 phytocannabinoids, the main psychoactive cannabinoid and most popular is THC (short for tetrahydrocannabinol) with the second being CBD, accounting for approximately 40% of Cannabis extract/oil.
(Excerpt from its Wikipedia page) Cannabidiol (CBD) is a phytocannabinoid discovered in 1940. It is one of some 113 identified cannabinoids in cannabis plants, accounting for up to 40% of the plant’s extract. As of 2018, preliminary clinical research on cannabidiol included studies of anxiety, cognition, movement disorders, and pain.
Cannabidiol can be taken into the body in multiple ways, including by inhalation of cannabis smoke or vapor, as an aerosol spray into the cheek, and by mouth. It may be supplied as CBD oil containing only CBD as the active ingredient (no added tetrahydrocannabinol [THC] or terpenes), a full-plant CBD-dominant hemp extract oil, capsules, dried cannabis, or as a prescription liquid solution.
Synonyms CBD, cannabidiolum, (−)-cannabidiol
Bioavailability • Oral: 13–19%
• Inhaled: 31% (11–45%)
Elimination half-life 18–32 hours
Chemical and physical data Formula C21H30O2 Molar mass 314.464 g/mol g·mol−1 3D model (JSmol) Melting point 66 °C (151 °F)
CBD vs. THC
Inside our systems, we have what’s called the Endocannabinoid System, which are neurotransmitters that bind to cannabinoid receptors. The Endocannabinoid System helps regulate different cognitive and physiological processes such as mood, appetite, memory, and pain sensation.
THC is the principal psychoactive cannabinoid of cannabis, which gives you the “high” or “buzz” you would normally experience when consuming marijuana. Cannabis in its various forms provides mental and physical effects such as general changes in perception, a heightened mood, and an increase in appetite. THC has long prized the potency of cannabis strains based on the THC percentage of the particular strain.
(Excerpt from its Wikipedia page) Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is one of at least 113 cannabinoids identified in cannabis. THC is the principal psychoactive constituent of cannabis. With chemical name (−)-trans-Δ⁹-tetrahydrocannabinol, the term THC also refers to cannabinoid isomers.
Like most pharmacologically-active secondary metabolites of plants, THC is a lipid found in cannabis, assumed to be involved in the plant’s self-defense, putatively against insect predation, ultraviolet light, and environmental stress.
CBD, conversely, is the second most popular and prevalent cannabinoid in Cannabis, is non-psychoactive, and can actually lessen the effects of THC. Non-psychoactive meaning, by itself, it does not affect the mind or cause a traditional “high” or intoxication like cannabis or THC normally provides.
According to the World Health Organization, “In humans, CBD exhibits no effects indicative of any abuse or dependence potential…. To date, there is no evidence of public health-related problems associated with the use of pure CBD.”
For these and other therapeutic reasons, many consumers are now starting to prefer less intense products in the cannabis industry that are lower in THC and higher in the non-psychoactive compound that you now are aware of: CBD.
The effects of CBD are mild, yet beneficial and effective, for many people with a variety of different health conditions. As mentioned above, CBD does not get you “high” as THC does.
While they hold some similar benefits, they also have some different side effects.
With CBD being a safe and non-addictive substance (and a great alternative to marijuana and other pharmaceutical drugs), recent clinical studies and countless testimonials from users have confirmed CBD’s therapeutic effects and properties, propelling its current momentum in the health and wellness world.
With many people looking for alternatives to the addictive pharmaceuticals with harsh side effects, CBD has many benefits and can provide relief for:
- Substance abuse
- Stomach and appetite issues
- Sleep issues
There has been extensive scientific research, including many studies conducted by the U.S. government, as well as feedback from patients and physicians, that show CBD’s potential as a treatment for a wide range of health conditions, including, but not limited to:
- Autoimmune diseases (inflammation, rheumatoid arthritis)
- Neurological conditions (Alzheimer’s, dementia, Parkinson’s, multiple sclerosis, epilepsy, Huntington’s chorea, stroke, traumatic brain injury)
- Metabolic syndrome (diabetes, obesity)
- Neuropsychiatric illness (autism, ADHD, PTSD, alcoholism)
- Gut disorders (colitis, Crohn’s)
- Cardiovascular dysfunction (atherosclerosis, arrhythmia)
- Skin disease (acne, dermatitis, psoriasis)
- Opioid withdrawal
CBD Side Effects
Although they are rare, CBD may potentially have the following side effects:
Changes in appetite
Users are always recommended to start taking CBD with a smaller dose and move up slowly once you are comfortable with the dosage. Taking too large of a dose or sometimes even on an empty stomach can worsen any potential side effects.
CBD from Hemp vs. CBD from Marijuana
CBD can be derived from both hemp and marijuana. For those who are not sure what hemp really is or the difference between marijuana and hemp, we’ll break it down here for you.
Both hemp and marijuana are part of the Cannabis plant family. While marijuana and hemp can look similar, there are a few distinctions that set them apart.
Most importantly, hemp contains little-to-no THC (0.3% or less) whereas marijuana can carry anywhere between 10-40% THC.
This is the main reason that hemp is used primarily for industrial purposes, including for the production of paper, clothing, building materials, biofuel, food products, oils, and much more.
Marijuana, on the other hand, is generally used for medicinal or recreational purposes due to its psychoactive properties, and it and THC are used to create various products, such as flowers, edibles, concentrates, and more.
Marijuana also has the benefit of having more CBD to extract from each plant, whereas the CBD content within a hemp plant is much lower, resulting in the producers have to use a lot more hemp plants to produce the same amount of CBD (not that should be much of an issue to you personally).
Is CBD legal in the US?
On December 20, 2018, the United States Congress voted to pass the Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018, otherwise known as the Farm Bill, which provided a huge leap forward for hemp-derived CBD products in the United States and the ability to produce high-quality CBD products domestically using hemp.
It is now legal for American farmers to cultivate a commercial crop of hemp on domestic soil, reportedly due in part to the huge demand for CBD products.
The Farm Bill removed hemp (not cannabis, however) from the list of controlled substances. Meanwhile, any CBD oil derived from any cannabis plant with over 0.3% THC still remains a Schedule 1 substance under federal law.
This allows our hemp-derived CBD products to be sold legally within the 50 states since they are being derived from a lawful source, while any cannabis-derived CBD products with THC content over 0.3% still being illegal.
Prior to the Farm Bill in December of 2018, most hemp CBD oil was being produced in Europe or China. Since the cultivation of hemp is now permitted in the United States, this has allowed for much higher-quality CBD products to be produced domestically.
Different Types of CBD
As mentioned and shown in our large selection of CBD products at MyTherapyCBD, CBD can come in various forms allowing consumers to reap the benefits of CBD in whichever form they prefer.
The different types of CBD include:
- CBD Oil
- CBD Vape Oil
- CBD Edibles
- CBD Drinks & Shots
- CBD Pills & Capsules
- CBD Skin Care Products
- CBD Pet Products
CBD Hemp Oil comes in liquid form and in tinctures, which allows for consumption through droppers or other methods, and involves putting a drop under your tongue for around 30 seconds before swallowing.
CBD Vape Oil
CBD for Pets
The same endocannabinoid system that is in humans also exists within all mammals, birds, fish, and reptiles. While marijuana would not seem like the best option to provide your pet (since it’s toxic for them and do you really want to see your pet stoned?), CBD is non-psychoactive and will not get your pet ‘high’.
That is why it’s important to find CBD pet products that contain little-to-no THC in them. This is why Hemp CBD Oil is considered best for pets as it can contain no more than 0.3% THC, far below the amount required to provide a ‘high’.
There have been many cases of using CBD products to help pets with diseases and illnesses. Pets share many of the same diseases and illnesses that humans experience as well.
Taking into consideration that pets have the same endocannabinoid receptors as humans, it would make sense that your pets would be able to experience the same therapeutic benefits as humans.
Here are some general guidelines for giving your pet CBD oil:
First, consult with your veterinarian to ensure that CBD won’t interfere with your pet’s current medications or health conditions.
If all is good, start with 1mg of CBD per every 10 lbs. of an animal’s body weight, once or twice a day.
Generally, it’s good to start small, and gradually increase the amount of CBD every week until you see your desired benefits.
Stay with your pet for several hours after giving them CBD to ensure they are okay.